National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

FLC Region

Security Lab

No

Address

Bldg 31, Room 2A32, MSC 2425
31 Center Drive
Bethesda, MD 20892-2425
United States

Laboratory Representative

Description

The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) was initially established to investigate the broad aspects of human development as a means of understanding developmental disabilities, including mental retardation, and the events that occur during pregnancy. Today, the Institute conducts and supports research on all stages of human development, from preconception to adulthood, to better understand the health of children, adults, families, and communities.

Mission

The mission of the NICHD is to ensure that every person is born healthy and wanted, that women suffer no harmful effects from reproductive processes, and that all children have the chance to achieve their full potential for healthy and productive lives, free from disease or disability, and to ensure the health, productivity, independence, and well-being of all people through optimal rehabilitation. The NICHD has made revolutionary progress toward achieving its goals. Since the Institute was founded: infant death rates in the United States have dropped more than 70 percent, with much of this decline resulting from NICHD-sponsored research; survival rates for respiratory distress syndrome have gone from 5 percent in the 1960s, to 95 percent today, due to advances in respirator technologies and the availability of replacement lung surfactant, resulting from the research efforts of the NICHD and other Institutes; the rate of sudden infant death syndrome has dropped more than 50 percent, since the NICHD-led Back to Sleep education campaign to reduce the risk of SIDS began; transmission of HIV from infected mother to fetus and infant has dropped from 25 percent to less than 2 percent, as a result of NICHD's efforts in collaboration with other agencies and organizations; the incidence of Haemophilus Influenzae B (Hib), once the leading cause of acquired mental retardation, has dropped more than 99 percent, because of development of the Hib vaccine by NICHD scientists, which has nearly eliminated this disease; congenital hypothyroidism, once responsible for many cases of mental retardation, no longer has an impact on cognitive development because of screening techniques used to detect the condition in all newborns in time to allow treatment to prevent its effects; Phenylketonuria, a disorder that also caused mental retardation in many individuals, has been successfully eliminated as a factor in cognitive development through newborn screening and dietary therapy; infertility that at one time kept couples from having babies of their own often can be treated and reversed; sound scientific information about the safety and effectiveness of different contraceptive methods for women and men is now available; many social, physical, and behavioral rehabilitation treatments for people with mental, developmental, and physical disabilities are now available.

Tech Areas

Available Technologies
Displaying 1 - 10 of 30
A Novel Diffusion MRI Phantom, and a Method for Enhancing MR Image Quality
A Novel Diffusion MRI Phantom, and a Method for Enhancing MR Image Quality
A Vaccine for Shigella sonnei for Both Children and Adults
An Antibody Specific for the Ubl4A Protein
Anti-sera Against Arylalkylamine N-acetyltransferase (AANAT) - The Melatonin Rhythm Enzyme
CNS Therapeutics That Target Neuronal Ceroid-Lipofuscinoses and Thioesterase Deficiency Disorders
Device for Selectively Removing Cells from a Biological Sample
Diagnostic Assays for the Detection of Thyroid Cancer
Diagnostic Assays for the Detection of Thyroid Cancer
In vivo Assessment of Tissue Microstructure and Microdynamics: Estimation of the Average Propagator from Magnetic Resonance Data

Pages

Funding
Funding Instruments
  • Grant: Financial assistance mechanism providing money, property, or both to an eligible entity to carry out an approved project or activity. A grant is used whenever an NIH Institute or Center (IC) anticipates no substantial programmatic involvement with the recipient during performance of the financially assisted activities.
  • Contract: An award instrument used to acquire by purchase, lease, or barter, property or services from a non-federal party for the direct benefit or use of the federal government. For a contract, the government establishes detailed requirements to meet its perceived needs and decides on the entity to meet those needs.
  • Cooperative Agreement: A financial assistance instrument under which substantial involvement is anticipated between the federal agency and the recipient during performance of the contemplated project or activity. These agreements are similar to grants, but federal staff have substantial scientific or programmatic involvement.
Lab Representatives
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Facilities
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NICHD Microscopy and Imaging Core (MIC)
Molecular Genomics Laboratory (MGL)
NICHD Biomedical Mass Spectrometry Core Facility
NICHD Core Facilities (Various)
NICHD Zebrafish Core
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