NASA Glenn Research Center

Agency/Department

FLC Region

Security Lab

Yes

Address

MS 4-2
21000 Brookpark Road
Cleveland, OH 44135-3191
United States

Laboratory Representative

Description

The Glenn Research Center investigates space operations, aerospace technology and technologies needed for space exploration such as power, propulsion, communications, fluids and combustion, materials, structures, mechanical components, and instrumentation and controls. Research is conducted that advances both aeronautics and space including power and energy-conversion systems; aircraft, space, and planetary communications; high temperature propulsion materials; propulsion structures; mechanisms and mechanical systems; and tribology and surface science. Research and development work related to space exploration is performed in the areas of in-space propulsion and nuclear systems; fluids combustion and reacting subsystems, including gravity dependence; systems integration and analysis; human research; and microgravity science. Aerospace technology focuses on advanced turbine engine propulsion and power systems; turbine engine noise reduction; propulsion control and engine health management; instrumentation systems; avionics; aircraft icing research; modeling and simulation; and alternative fuel systems.

Mission

The Glenn Research Center's mission is to work as a diverse team in partnership with government, industry, and academia to increase national wealth, safety, and security, protect the environment, and explore the universe. Glenn develops and transfers critical technologies that address national priorities through research, technology development, and systems development for safe and reliable aeronautics, aerospace, and space applications.

Tech Areas

Available Technologies
Displaying 1 - 10 of 405
"NASA Flywheel" for iPad
"NASA Glenn Research Center: The Early Years" for iPad
A Comprehensive C Controller For A Magnetically Supported Vertical Rotor: Version 1.0
A Giant Step in Jetliner Propulsion
A Lifetime of Shine
A Look from the Inside
A Method for Reducing Broadband Noise
A Method for Thermal Spraying of Coatings Using Resonant Pulsed Combustion
A Powerful New Engine
A Software Platform for Post-Processing Waveform-Based NDE - V2.0

Pages

Funding

The Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research,or EPSCoR,establishes partnerships with government, higher education and industry that are designed to effect lasting improvements in a state's or region's research infrastructure, R&D capacity and hence, its national R&D competitiveness.

The EPSCoR program is directed at those jurisdictions that have not in the past participated equably in competitive aerospace and aerospace-related research activities. Twenty-four states, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and Guam currently participate.Fivefederal agencies conduct EPSCoR programs, including NASA.

NASA EPSCoR Jurisdictions and their Directors
View EPSCoR Directors by State/Jurisdiction

The goal of EPSCoR is to provide seed funding that will enable jurisdictions to develop an academic research enterprise directed toward long-term, self-sustaining, nationally-competitive capabilities in aerospace and aerospace-related research.

Agency
NASA
Region
Midwest
State: 
Ohio
Lab Representatives
No Programs for this lab
Facilities
Displaying 41 - 50 of 58
Research Combustion Laboratory (RCL)
Research Combustion Laboratory, Bldg. 35
Reverberant Acoustic Test Facility (RATF)
Small Multi-Purpose Research Facility (SMiRF)
Space Experiments Laboratory, Bldg. 110
Space Power Facility (SPF)
Spacecraft Propulsion Facility (B-2)
Statics Test Laboratory, Bldg. 5 (ERB Complex)
Structural Dynamics Laboratory (SDL)
Structural Dynamics Laboratory, Bldg. 56

Pages

No Equipment for this lab
No publications for this lab
Success Stories
Submit an Success Story

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Glenn Research Center partnered with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory and the State of Ohio to address the recurrence of harmful algal bloom (HAB) events in the Great Lakes.

Generally within a 4- to 8-week period in late summer, HABs pose a significant threat to humans and wildlife, form, spread, and then disappear. HABs commonly contain a toxin called microcystin, which poses a threat to human health and wildlife. For humans, microcystin can cause serious liver damage and has been linked to pansteatitis, a condition in which body fat becomes inflamed. Some scientists suggest a link between the presence of microcystin in drinking water and some forms of liver and colorectal cancer.

The toxin also can cause mass deaths of fish, and consuming them proves harmful. Early detection can minimize threats of toxic drinking water, provide alerts to close recreational areas around the Great Lakes, and decrease the potential for toxic fish entering the marketplace. Current remote sensing technologies used to monitor these events are limited. High-resolution satellite data (i.e., Landsat) provide spatial data, but are not capable of providing the spectral resolution needed to differentiate a HAB from a non-harmful algal bloom. Water sampling methods, which are time-consuming and expensive, had been prevalent.

The NASA-NOAA-Ohio collaboration used a hyperspectral imager mounted to NASA research aircraft. Hyperspectral imaging divides the electromagnetic spectrum into a multitude of bands that can be used to identify a spectral “signature” for a range of organism types. Hyperspectral imaging was used to detect the pigment phycocyanin, an indicator of microcystis, in low concentrations. NASA aircraft flew several missions over the Great Lakes while NOAA collected water samples for direct comparison. The hyperspectral imager scanned several sites in the central and western basins of Lake Erie, documenting concentrations of the algal pigment phycocyanin. The teams calibrated the results between the aerial remote sensing and the water sample measurements.

The close match suggested the unique hyperspectral signature for HABs, potentially allowing scientists to identify their formation early and reliably through remote sensing. The Great Lakes are the nation’s most important freshwater resource, with more than 60 million people in the region utilizing them for drinking water, transportation, recreation, food production, and manufacturing.

The Great Lakes:

  • Contain over 80 percent of the U.S. supply of surface freshwater
  • Contain 18 percent of the total global supply of freshwater
  • Provide more than 500 beaches for recreation • Supply drinking water to more than 40 million U.S. and Canadian citizens
  • Provide 56 billion gallons of water daily for municipal, agricultural, and industrial use.

These numbers demonstrate the imperative nature of monitoring the Great Lakes to address toxic conditions and underscore the importance of improved technologies to do so.